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Verbal abuse ??? verbal abuse is generally a form of psychological abuse acivir pills 200 mg with visa. This type of abuse occurs when an abuser uses words and body language with the intent to hurt another person cheap acivir pills 200 mg without prescription. Verbal abuse includes put-downs, name-calling and unreasonable criticisms. Elder abuse ??? this type of abuse happens between an elder and another person, typically younger, such as the elder???s child. Elder abuse consists of other forms of abuse perpetrated against an elder. This form of abuse often consists of financial, emotional and even physical abuse. Spiritual abuse ??? spiritual abuse revolves around a person???s spirituality or religion. This type of abuse includes attacking another???s belief system, denying access to a house of worship or forced participation in a cult. All forms of abuse are illegal, although some are harder to prosecute than others. Many of these different types of abuse are also perpetrated against children and teens. For detailed information on child abuse and the types of child abuse, go here. Over three million reports of child abuse were filed with Child Protective Services around the country in the fiscal year 2010. In human terms, over 1500 children under the age of 18 died that year from child abuse and child neglect. Sadly, child abuse most often involves the biological parent of the child but is may also be at the hands of another caregiver or family member. Child abuse is defined both at the state and federal level. Normally, child abuse and neglect are defined together and often occur in the same situation. At the federal level, the definition of child abuse and neglect includes: Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitationAn act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harmEach state may then further define additional child abuse types and standards. Multiple types of child abuse often occur to the same child. Child abuse can occur:Prenatally, such as when a mother exposes an unborn child to drugsTo the child directly, such as in the case of physical abuseIn the environment, such as in the case of manufacturing methamphetamine in the presence of a childGenerally, child abuse is defined in relation to a parent or other caregiver and not in relation to acquaintances or strangers. Physical punishment, such as in the case of spanking or paddling, is not considered child abuse as long as the discipline does not in any way harm (including bruise) a child. Experts remind parents that punishment is just one form of discipline and that punishment should be used alongside positive methods of discipline, such as praise or rewards for good behavior, for the most effective results. Learn about the major types of child abuse and what constitutes physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect of a child. Types of child abuse are broken down in four distinct categories: Physical child abuse is an injury resulting from physical aggression. Even if the injury was not intended, the act is considered physical abuse. The injury from physical child abuse may be the result of:Beating, slapping, or hitting. Burning with cigarettes, scalding water, or other hot objects. Physical abuse is an injury resulting from physical aggression. Physical punishment is the use of physical force with the intent of inflicting bodily pain, but not injury, for the purpose of correction or control. As you can see, physical punishment can easily get out of control and become physical abuse. Some other specific types of physical child abuse are:Shaken Baby Syndrome - Shaking a baby or toddler can cause serious head injuries. Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome - Inducing medical illness in a child or wrongly convincing others that a child is sick is both dangerous and abusive. Drug use during pregnancy - Drug and alcohol use during pregnancy or lactation can be harmful to your child, leading to problems such as Fetal Alcohol SyndromeHundreds of thousands of children are physically abused each year by someone close to them, and thousands of children die from the injuries. For those who survive, the emotional scars are deeper than the physical scars. Burns, bite marks, cuts, bruises, or welts in the shape of an object.

Like many mothers buy acivir pills 200 mg line, Tina was more protective and accommodating of her son acivir pills 200 mg without prescription, especially during the early years. Both parents had little compassion left for Paul or each other. Even less time was left for Jim and Emma, because they seemed so normal and caused no problems. And there was a half-wish that Paul would just disappear. They each had powerful???even fierce???loyalties toward him. This was evident when Tom explained: "We brought Paul here, we care what happens, we sit in the waiting room while his life is on the line, and we will take care of Paul when everything is said and done. The family had sought help from other mental health professionals. Emma and Jim felt like outcasts; they were ignored by their parents and shunned by their friends. At the very least, the family wanted someone to recognize their pain and say, "This must be very hard for all of you. One in five Americans has a psychiatric disorder at any given time, and half will have one at some point in their lifetime. More than 100 million Americans have a close family member who suffers from a major mental illness. Of the 10 leading causes of disability, half are psychiatric. By the year 2020, the major cause of disability in the world may be major depression. Further, it has been estimated that only 10 to 20% of those requiring care in the United States receive it in institutions; the rest receive their primary care from the family. Devoted to their ill member, the family may be the best-kept secret in the arsenal of healing. Yet, family members are considered the support team; they are not known as the stressed and the grieving. These tired mothers and fathers, daughters and sons, husbands and wives deserve attention as well. Mental illness can weave a web of doubt, confusion and chaos around the family. Unwittingly, the person with mental illness can dominate the entire family through control and fear or helplessness and incapacity. Like a bully, the mental illness bosses the primary sufferer as well as the loved ones. Instability, separation, divorce and abandonment are frequent family outcomes of mental illness. These factors provide a useful framework to understand the underlying structure of the family under the influence. Stress is at the foundation of the family experience of mental illness. There is constant tension, dread and worry because the illness can strike at any time. Stress accumulates and leads to psychosomatic illness. Tom has high blood pressure, while Tina suffers ulcers. While victims of NBDs rarely assault others physically, they do assault with words, and their words can pull apart the family. Another form of trauma is "witness trauma," where the family watches helplessly as loved ones are tortured by their symptoms. This type of family atmosphere can often induce the development of traumatic symptoms like invasive thoughts, distancing and physical disorders. The result can be traumatic stress or posttraumatic stress disorder. Knowing when to intervene is one of most difficult lessons a family must learn. Family members report losses in their personal, social, spiritual and economic lives. They suffer losses in privacy, freedom, security and even dignity. So it can be devastating if we cannot have effective family relationships. Family members can go through protracted grieving, which often goes undiagnosed or untreated.

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Crystal meth addiction can happen due to use in party settings acivir pills 200 mg mastercard. Crystal meth is often considered a party drug as its stimulant properties can keep partiers up and energetic for hours buy 200mg acivir pills with visa, or even days, without sleep. In spite of tighter drug laws in the United States, meth is still inexpensive and easy to find. Other reasons people develop an addiction to meth on the club scene include:Increased sexual pleasureWhile gay men have been depicted as commonly engaging in meth addiction-fueled sex orgies, 80% of male meth users identify as heterosexual. Addiction to meth often means extended periods of risky sexual encounters producing a serious risk of HIV or a sexually-transmitted infection. Methamphetamine use and methamphetamine addiction are also common in populations needing extended energy or wakefulness, or those looking to lose weight. Addiction to meth happens to these people due to their extended perceived need for the drug and the lack of knowledge of the risk. Few people understand the substantial brain chemical changes being made during a meth binge or the long-term effects of meth on the brain and body. Few people think that by taking a drug to lose weight or work the night-shift think it will develop into a meth addiction. Methamphetamine produces a prolonged sense of well-being and energy but after the high there is a crash often comprised of severe depression, fatigue and irritability. These highly unpleasant symptoms combined with a chemical craving for the drug lead the user to use more meth, leading rapidly to addiction to meth. Similar to other drug addictions, it can be very difficult for someone addicted to meth to stop using the drug as meth addicts often exist in a subculture permeated by meth creation, use and sale. The person addicted to meth can find it very difficult to separate from that kind of the environment. The definition of alcoholism is chronic alcohol use to the degree that it interferes with physical or mental health, or with normal social or work behavior. Alcoholism is a disease that produces both physical and psychological addiction. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that reduces anxiety, inhibition, and feelings of guilt. It lowers alertness and impairs perception, judgment, and motor coordination. In high doses, it can cause loss of consciousness and even death. Alcoholism is a disease that damages the brain, liver, heart, and other organs ( short-term, long-term effects of alcohol ). Spotting the signs and symptoms of alcoholism is not always easy. Alcoholism is a disease that can be seen through drinking-related arrests or job loss, but they tend to happen late in the disease. These signs include:An increasing tolerance to the effects of alcohol. You may have heard the expression that someone can "hold their liquor. A growing preoccupation with or interest in drinking. Also drinking alone or drinking before an activity where there will be drinking. We now know that these can be part of the definition of alcoholism. This symptom, called denial, is almost always present in the disease of alcoholism. Later, difficulties in relationships, on the job, or with the law often occur. Other signs and symptoms closely matching the definition of alcoholism are:Hiding alcohol or sneaking drinksGulping the first few drinksWanting to drink more, or longer, than the rest of the crowdLosing control of drinking, leading to attempts to control it ("going on the wagon")It is very important to seek help early as alcoholism is a disease. As the disease progresses, severe health problems can occur in almost every body system. If you want to learn more about the signs and definition of alcoholism, consult your healthcare provider or look in the yellow pages for "alcoholism" or "alcoholism treatment. These are meetings for people who have a family member with a drinking problem. DSM IV - American Psychiatric AssociationNational Institute on Alcohol Abuse and AlcoholismFor more in-depth information on signs-symptoms, causes and treatment of alcoholism, click the "next" article below.

These foods contain large amounts of the mineral phosphorus order acivir pills 200 mg without a prescription. Too much phosphorus in your blood causes calcium to be pulled from your bones acivir pills 200mg with amex, which makes them weak and brittle and can cause arthritis. To prevent bone problems, your doctor may give you special medicines, which you must take with meals every day as directed. Each person responds differently to similar situations. What may be a negative factor for one person may be a positive one for another. See a list of the general advantages and disadvantages of in-center and home hemodialysis below. Questions you may want to ask:Is hemodialysis the best treatment choice for me? As a hemodialysis patient, will I be able to keep working? With whom can I talk about finances, sexuality, or family concerns? How/where can I talk with other people who have faced this decision? Peritoneal dialysis is another procedure that removes wastes, chemicals, and extra water from your body. This type of dialysis uses the lining of your abdomen, or belly, to filter your blood. This lining is called the peritoneal membrane and acts as the artificial kidney. A mixture of minerals and sugar dissolved in water, called dialysis solution, travels through a catheter into your belly. The sugar?called dextrose?draws wastes, chemicals, and extra water from the tiny blood vessels in your peritoneal membrane into the dialysis solution. After several hours, the used solution is drained from your abdomen through the tube, taking the wastes from your blood with it. Then your abdomen is refilled with fresh dialysis solution, and the cycle is repeated. The process of draining and refilling is called an exchange. Before your first treatment, a surgeon places a catheter into your abdomen or chest. The catheter tends to work better if there is adequate time?usually from 10 days to 2 or 3 weeks?for the insertion site to heal. Planning your dialysis access can improve treatment success. This catheter stays there permanently to help transport the dialysis solution to and from your abdomen. Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)CAPD requires no machine and can be done in any clean, well-lit place. The dialysis solution passes from a plastic bag through the catheter and into your abdomen, where it stays for several hours with the catheter sealed. The time period that dialysis solution is in your abdomen is called the dwell time. Next, you drain the dialysis solution into an empty bag for disposal. You then refill your abdomen with fresh dialysis solution so the cleaning process can begin again. With CAPD, the dialysis solution stays in your abdomen for a dwell time of 4 to 6 hours, or more. The process of draining the used dialysis solution and replacing it with fresh solution takes about 30 to 40 minutes. Most people change the dialysis solution at least four times a day and sleep with solution in their abdomens at night. Continuous Cycler-assisted Peritoneal Dialysis (CCPD)CCPD uses a machine called a cycler to fill and empty your abdomen three to five times during the night while you sleep. In the morning, you begin one exchange with a dwell time that lasts the entire day. You may do an additional exchange in the middle of the afternoon without the cycler to increase the amount of waste removed and to reduce the amount of fluid left behind in your body.